Consciousness- A brief survey #brain #conscious

Category- psychology

Reading time – 4 minutes

According to Nagel, a being is conscious just if there is “something that it is like” to be that creature, i.e., some subjective way the world seems or appears from the creature’s mental or experiential point of view.

It sounds as complex as it appears. Consciousness is a tough nut to crack and till now no one has caught one of its fingers.

There are various questions which need an answer.

First we are a zygote. Or I must say. First we are atoms which form molecules which form organelles which organise inside a cell.

Then embryo. And at certain point this lump of cells becomes conscious.

When and how it is not clear. May be one day we could pin point the exact point at which zygote becomes conscious.

How to detect consciousness. How we say that a particular thing is conscious.

By observing behaviour of the organism. Or with our intuition.

But it is not foolproof.

A patient in, ‘locked in state’ is conscious but cannot show external behaviour to confirm it.

Few people with anaesthesia unawareness are conscious; but cannot show behaviour when under anaesthesia.

A starfish has no nervous system; but can evade obstacles.

A fly eating plant can differentiate between drops of rain and insects. It even remembers touch pattern on its hairs. It hence remembers events. Is it conscious like us

Plants show care of each other and effect of touch in subtle but definite ways.

Advanced AI and deep learning can show features of a thinking mind without being alive.

So question becomes sticky. What is consciousness?

Then there is one more problem.

Our consciousness is last to register a decision.

Intuition and our brainstem knows few milliseconds earlier about our next movement.

It has been shown repeatedly in scientific experiments in which scientists can guess the next movement even before the person performing the task becomes aware of this.

Benjamin liver showed that activity can be detected 300 milliseconds earlier in motor cortex before action occurs.

Our senses send signals at different speeds to our brain, which integrates them by the process of binding and creates a coherent and synchronous conscious feeling.

Hence what we see as present is actually a little distant past; which has happened few milliseconds earlier. We see a movie that whole subconscious has uploaded few milliseconds earlier after editing it expertly.

Hence we see the past and brain has already decided a particular thing few milliseconds before your consciousness knows it.

So is consciousness a driver or a observer?

It is likely that consciousness is last to know what brain intends to do and hence it cannot change thing which has already been decided before it knows.

It is a sort of spooky weird thing.

So where is the free will of an organism?

Can you decide to change a thing with consciousness . It looks like subconscious needs no direction from our consciousness to do most of the things.

You are not aware of automatic things like breathing or digestion or beating of the heart or secretions of liver, until something goes wrong.

When we die then also; consciousness leaves before life goes.

Various scientific views about consciousness.

Everythig is conscious. Thus is called Panpsychism.

Consciousness cannot be deciphered by our brain. This is hard problem of the consciousness.

Consciousness is an inherent property of the matter and is strange to understand.

Consciousness is an emergent phenomenon.

Still we are far from the right question about consciousness.

Inspiration – Conscious by Anaka Harris

Almanack of jay samit – his advice for young readers. #jaysamit

Reading time – 3 minutes

Category- business

Jay Samit is the former Independent Vice Chairman of Deloitte. An American digital media innovator, he has pioneered advancements in music and video distribution, social media, and ecommerce. He is the author of the bestselling book Disrupt You!

Here are few lessons that he shares in his latest book. Future proofing you.

1. You can’t get rich by saving, you get rich by creating money.

2. You can’t become super rich by working hard; but instead by working smart.

3. See your defeciencies as opportunity, not a pullback.

4. Next big thing is spatial computing that Integrates internet with immediate surroundings.

5. Money is not a good target, following a passion brings a lots of it.

6. You can’t grow without a growth mindset.

7. There are no lives free of obstacles. Leverage these obstacles for success.

8. Failure is not a zero sum game. It teaches a lot and prepares you for the next time.

9. Fear is natural and necessary; if within reasonable limits.

10. Insight and perseverance are the only two things; that you will need to succeed.

11. Finding a right mentor gives you wings

12. Fill the void created by any new technology to succeed quickly. Like accessories for phone.

Inspiration – future proofing you by jay samit

Testing your psychological safety. #psychology #personalgrowth

Category – psychology

Reading Time – 2 minutes

You have a particular type of psychology. You got it from society. From your genes. From interactions between you and your environment.

There are few questions; that you can ask yourself to find if you have a balanced psychology. Do you feel safe to navigate your world.

1. You see mistakes as opportunities to learn

2. You feel; it is ok to fail.

3. You speak your mind in meetings.

4. You are willing to take risks and fail.

5. You openly share your thoughts.

6. You believe in your collegues and seniors.

If your answer is yes to most of these questions; you feel psychologically safe in your surroundings.

How giant companies fail with time. #business #money

Category – Business

Reading time – 5 minutes

A company starts as a little bud. Hopeful and energetic. Then it grows and adds layers of flab over itself. Then it looses it’s dream and it slowly looses out to itself.

Biggest enemy of a big company is the big company itself.

Various things that can go wrong are tubulated in this blog.

1. Deviation from brand mission

A brand gives immediate signal to customers about what to expect. A car rental can expand to fleet management business and it is good for its clients.

But if food snack brand like Cheetos starts selling lip balm or colgate tries selling utensils or motorbike starts selling perfumes it contradicts with their brand image.

2. Inability to attract top telent

Top talent wants innovative and free environment to thrive.

3. Getting complacent

As quaterly profits soar, company employees and CEOs get complacent. Company looses hunger to satisfy customers demands at the level they had done earlier.

4. Short term game mindset

They engage in shortcuts to create stellar quaterly results. Aquisitions. Hostile takeovers. Stock buybacks. Cost cutting in R and D. This all leads to slow decline in their brand value.

5. No differentiated products

As companies get fatter they sit and copy others in the marketplace. They lack ‘wow factor’ ; in their offerings. Copycat companies then engage in price war that sends them to mat.

US auto Industry was astonished by Japanese auto makers.

6. Ego

They fail to see advantages in partnerships with smaller firms. This leads to missed opportunities and leverage points.

So when a startup is small and has fire in its belly; it keeps marching and adjusting very fast before growing up into a lazy big giant.

That’s how big companies fall.

#jimcollins #simonsinek #thaler

All growth and innovation happen here – The adjacent possible. #ideas #innovation

Category – business and money

Reading time – 5 minutes

Adjacent possible was coined by scientist Stuart Kaufman.

It includes all the things possible; just next to what we have already achieved in a technology or idea.

For example man picked up stones to break nuts. Next possible change it saw was that heavy stones work better.

Then man found that sharp stones work better. Then, stones that fit between thumb and finger work better.

Then, man found that stones tied to a stick produce greater force.

Then, he found metals and made tools with metals. Then, he inserted batteries in tools like drills.

Each discovery led to next possible discovery.

And exploring next possible thing slowly, man reached present time of nuclear weapons, with which he can terminate his eternal stupidity and greed.

So one development in a technology opens doir to next possible improvement or addition, which is a slow process happening by contribution of multiple brains.

Adjacent possible is next possible improvement in present idea or technology.

It is not infinite.

It presents infinite possibilities out of which few are useful or meaningful.

It is slow and continuous.

Its boundaries grow as new possibilities are added or arise.

It applies to living beings and non-living things too.

Initially computers were text only medium. Then possibilities kept adding on to it and now you can post your photo or thoughts at the flick of your thumb, which similar sapiens all over the globe can see.

Hence, whenever you work with your ideas keep an eye on what is the next possible valuable addition to this idea.

That’s where next big thing resides.

Also keep searching your adjacent possible. You were not same in the past and you will also change in future. Keep jumping into adjacent possible of yourself and keep improving like all technologies do with time.

Inspiration – Where good Ideas come from.

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